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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-146

Studies on the physicochemical characteristics of heated honey, honey mixed with ghee and their food consumption pattern by rats


1 Government Ayurveda Medical College, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore, India
2 Biochemistry and Nutrition Discipline, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore, India

Correspondence Address:
K R Anilakumar
Biochemistry and Nutrition Discipline, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Mysore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.72363

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Honey and ghee are the two food substances used widely in our diet. In Ayurveda, it is quoted that heated honey and honey mixed with equal amount of ghee produce deleterious effects. Hence, it was of our interest to study the physicochemical characteristics and chemical constituents of heated honey and honey mixed with ghee, and their effect on daily food intake and organ weights of rats. The specific gravity of samples showed a significant decrease in honey and ghee samples heated to 140ºC. The pH of honey heated to 140ºC was elevated with a reduction in the specific gravity. There was a significant rise in hydroxymethyl furfuraldehyde (HMF) in 60º and 140ºC heated honey samples. The browning and total antioxidant of honey mixed ghee samples was significantly higher when compared to ghee samples. Further, the authors have also evaluated the effects of consumption of heated honey, ghee, honey mixed with equal amount of ghee and heated honey mixed with heated ghee in rats. The feeding of heated honey and honey mixed with ghee for 6 weeks showed no significant change in the food intake, weight gain and relative organ weights. The study revealed that the heated honey mixed with ghee produces HMF which may cause deleterious effects.


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