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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 224-230

The Role of Prasarani Taila Matra Basti and Vatari Guggulu in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis

1 District Co-ordination Officer of Ayurveda, Balurghat District Hospital, Dakshin Dinajpur, West Bengal, India
2 Professor & H.O.D.- Kayachikitsa, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India
3 Professor of Kayachikitsa & Dean - I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Asish Kumar Das
District Co-ordination Officer of Ayurveda, Balurghat District Hospital, Dakshin Dinajpur, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Ayu is defined as conjunction of body, mind, soul and senses. Each has been given due importance in the maintenance of health and prevention and cure of disease. Rheumatoid Arthritis (Amavata) is one of the crippling diseases, claiming maximum loss of human power. It is not only a disorder of locomotor system, but also is a systemic disease and named, after its chief pathogenic constituents i.e. Ama and Vata in Ayurveda. The main causative factor, Ama is the result of malfunctioning of digestive and metabolic mechanisms. The disease is initiated by the consumption of diets prepared with some ingredients of opposite qualities (Viruddha Ahara) and simultaneous indulgence in Viruddha Ahara in the pre-existence of Mandagni. Though, according to Ayurveda, Ama and Vata are chiefly pathogenic factors, Kapha and Pitta are also invariably involved in its pathogenesis. Primarily the pathogenesis (Samprapti) originates in the gastro-intestinal tract (Annavaha srotasa) then branches out through the Madhyama rogamarga, the middle aspect of pathogenic process of disease, with special inclination for Shleshma sthana especially articular joints (Sandhi). Rasa, Asthi and Majja Dhatus are primarily involved. Dushyas like Mamsa Dhatu, Snayu and Kandara are also affected. Sandhishoola, Sandhishotha, Inhibition of joint movement (Stabdhata) and intolerability on touch in joints (Sparshasahyata) are salient feature of the disease. The disease Amavata has a chronic course and malaise, anorexia, heaviness of the body nausea, fever etc. are responsible for crippling of the patients in the long run. In the present study, Matra Basti with Prasarani Taila, Vatari Guggulu are selected as the remedy of Amavata, due to properties like Amanashana, Vatashamana, Deepana, Pachana and Rasayana Prabhava.In the present study, 28 patients of Rheumatoid Arthritis divided into two groups were treated with Vatari Guggulu orally and along with Prasarani Taila Matra Basti for 30 days. The effects of therapy were assessed by a specially prepared clinical research proforma. The result showed that better symptomatic relief was observed in Matra Basti group in comparison to Vatari Guggulu group.

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