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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 147-152

Traditional Medical Practices of Sri Lanka in Orthopaedic Treatment

1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Nidana Chikitsa, Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
2 Central Ayurveda Dispensary, Morenthuduwa, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
E.R.H.S.S. Ediriweeraa
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Nidana Chikitsa, Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Sri Lanka, is an island located between 5΀- 10΀ N latitude and 79΀- 82΀E longitude. There are a number of ancient Sri Lankan medical treatises which also include Orthopaedic Treatment in detail. Sri Lankan traditional physicians treat orthopaedic ailments very successfully. This survey was done to gather scattered knowledge in the island with the help of highly experienced traditional physicians who are involved in Orthopaedic treatment, olla leaves and text books. According to this survey several parts of the plants leaves stem barks, roots, flowers, entire plants are used to prepare medicine and these medicines are prepared in different ways such as 'Mellum', 'Beheth Roti', oil, cream, paste, sediments, thick liquids, 'Thel kiri' and 'Beheth Peni'. These various herbal medicines are used to reduce bruises, to speed up healing of fractured or cracked bones, to loosen stiffened joints and to correct the dislocations. Bandages prepared from bark of Allophylus cobbe, splints prepared from reeds of Bambusa vulgaris and bracts of Cocos nucifera are used for supporting and immobilising the traumatised parts and limbs. Traditional orthopaedic treatment in Sri Lanka is well developed and encompasses treatment of muscle sprains, dislocations and fractures, bruises and injuries incurred by people falling from trees.

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