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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 260-272

Review on Official Requirements/Standards of Crocus Sativus L. (Saffron)

Drug Standardization Research Project, Central Research Institute in Ayurveda, Amkhoo, Gwalior, India

Correspondence Address:
R B Saxena
Ex-Research Officer - Chemistry, 9, Ganesh Colony, Naya Bazar, Gwalior
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The question of standardization of quality control depends on the nature of saffron(king of spices; Family- Iridaceae) and compound drugs, on its source, which are the potent cause of variation in the properties and processes through which it is subjected to pass. With the globalization and urbanization, several lexicographers attempted for compendia of saffron in the medieval period, have given scope for substitution/ adulteration. Hence, the need of standardisation of traditional medicine (saffron) by applying scientific techniques is identified in the middle of the 20th century. For their requirement, quality grading was prepared by different countries and some of them applied. India and Spain have well prepared the standard values of saffron. Due to globalization, the quality grading is made according to specification in protocols proposed by International Standards Organisation (ISO). Different standards and objections in the official requirements/ standards of saffron have been reviewed.

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