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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 284-294

Understanding and Treating Uchcha Raktachapa (Hypertension) in perspective of Vidhishonitiya Adhyaya of Charaka Samhita - A Clinical Review

1 Lecturer, Dept. of Basic Principles, R. T. Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Akola, India
2 Lecturer (Sr. scale), Dept. of Basic Principles, G. A. Mahavidyalaya (ICAS), Jamnagar, India
3 Lecturer, Dept. of Panchakarma, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India
4 Professor & Head, Dept. of Basic Principles, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhumati Dhamale
Lecturer, Dept. of Basic Principles, R. T. Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Akola
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Considering the high prevalence of the disease and the need to look for alternative medicine, Uchcha Raktachapa was screened in the light of Raktashrita Vyadhis mentioned in Vidhishonitiya Adhyaya of Charaka Samhita. Comparing the Hetu Skandha and Lakshana Skandha of Raktashrita Vyadhis with that of Uchcha Raktachapa (Hypertension), a striking similarity was revealed. To prove the practical approach of management revealed by the Aushadha Skandha of Raktashrita Vikara at Vidhishonitiya Adhyaya, a randomized open clinical trial on 30 uncomplicated subjects of Uchcha Raktachapa was allocated in 3 groups viz (A) Raktamokshana Group having 7 cases received blood letting therapy by Vene-Section, (B) Virechana Group having 12 cases were administered Anulomana with Haritakyadi Yoga and (C) Combined Group: 11 cases received Virechana (Anulomana), Rakta Mokshana along with Upavasa (Psychological Upavasa in terms of Meditation and Somatic Upavasa in terms of reduction in dietary intake). The overall effect of the therapies showed that Rakta Moshana proves more valuable in showing excellent response (28.5%) and combined therapy in marked response (81.81%). Both these therapies did not show any mild or no response. But in Virechana group, mild and no responses were also reported in few patients. The principle of line of management of Raktashrita Vikara applied to Uchcha Raktachapa produced the above results and thus Uchcha Raktachapa is proved as Raktashrita Vyadhi on parlance of Hetu, Lakshana and Aushadha Skandha. The response was encouraging and left the scope for further studies.

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