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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 447-458

Critical Analysis of the Concept of Asthi Kshaya vis-a-vis Osteoporosis

1 Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Kayachikitsa, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India
2 M.S. (Ortho), F. A. O. A. A. (Swiss) - Orthopedician, Maheshwari Orthopedic Hospital, Jamnagar, India
3 Professor of Kayachikitsa & Dean-I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay M Kadlimatti
Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Kayachikitsa, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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'AYURVEDA', "THE SCIENCE OF LIFE" is a time tested treasure of knowledge which explains human body as a congenial homeostasis of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala. The function of dhatus is dharana of the Sharira. Among the dhatus, Asthi dhatu is blessed with the function of sharira dharana. It gives shape to the body and protects the vital organs. Equilibrium of dhatus is health and their disequilibrium is disease. This disequilibrium may either be increase or decrease. Asthi kshaya (decrease in bone tissue) is a condition explained in Ayurveda, under the heading of ashtadasha kshayas. In Asthi kshaya there is diminution of Asthi dhatu. Similar to this, there is a condition known as Osteoporosis in western medicine which means 'Porous bones' or "the brittleness of the bones due to increased porosity from loss of mineral substance" causing decrease in the bone tissue & leading to increased risk of fractures. According to the principles of Aashrayaashrayee bhava, Asthi dhatu is the seat of Vata dosha and Asthi & Vata are inversely proportional to each other regarding increase and decrease. Increase of Vata leads to decrease of Asthi. Here, an effort is made to critically analyse the concept of Asthi kshaya mentioned in Ayurveda with special reference to Osteoporosis.

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