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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 374-381

Botany, taxonomy and cytology of Crocus sativus series

Drug Standardization Research Section, Central Research Institute - Ayurveda, Aamkho, Gwalior - 474 009, India

Correspondence Address:
R B Saxena
Ex-Research Officer- Chemistry, 9, Ganesh Colony, Naya Bazar, Gwalior - 474 009
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.77153

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Saffron is produced from the dried styles of Crocus sativus L. (Iridaceae) which is unknown as wild plant, representing a sterile triploid. These belong to subgenus Crocus series Crocus sativus - series are closely related species; and are difficult to be separated taxonomically and have a complex cytology. Botany of C. sativus - series, taxonomy of their species and their infraspecific taxa are presented, and their distribution, ecology and phenology; full description and chromosome counts are provided with key to their identification.

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