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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 398-401

Pharmacognostical study of Tamalaki (Phyllanthus fraternus Webster), a herb used in Tamaka-svasa

1 Lecturer, Department of Agada Tantra and Vidhi Ayurveda, Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Ex-Professor, Department of Dravyaguna, Faculty of Ayurveda, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
3 Professer, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Correspondence Address:
Binay Sen
Lecturer, Department of Agadatantra and Vidhi Ayurveda, Govt. Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Varanasi-02, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.93924

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Tamalaki is a herbacious medicinal plant, described in Ayurvedic texts in many occurrences with different properties, actions, uses and synonyms, supposed to indicate more than one species commonly used in practice. Modern scholars mostly suggest Phyllanthus fraternus Webster (syn. P. niruri Linn.), P. amarus Schum. and Thonn. and P. urinaria Linn. as the source plants of Tamalaki. In this study, an attempt has been made to designate P. fraternus as the source plant of Tamalaki used in the treatment of Tamaka-svasa (Bronchial asthma) and other respiratory disorders by analyzing therapeutic uses, actions, properties, taste, synonyms as well as pharmacognostical characters. Smooth capsule, six tepals, less and short fibrous root, pentagonal outline with wing-shaped young stem are some of the specific characters observed in this species.

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