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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-51

Evaluation of Vrikshayurveda treatments on physiological attributes and production of diterpenoids in Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees.

1 Department of Traditional Medicine and Ethnobotany, ICMR - National Institute of Traditional Medicine, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Plantation, Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, KRC College of Horticulture, Arabhavi, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Botany, Rayat Shikshan Sanstha's Dada Patil Mahavidyalaya, Karjat, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Harsha V Hegde
Department of Traditional Medicine and Ethnobotany, ICMR - National Institute of Traditional Medicine, Belagavi 590010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ayu.ayu_311_21

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Background: An ancient text on plant life Vrikshayurveda mentions the use of horticulture treatments, Kunapa Jala (KJ) and Panchagavya (PG) (cow milk, cow ghee, cow curd, cow dung, and cow urine) to enhance the efficiency of plants. Aim: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of KJ and PG application on total leaf area, leaf area index (LAI) leaf area duration (LAD), crop growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR), and net assimilation rate (NAR); production of andrographolide (A1), neoandrographolide (A2), and 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (A3) of the Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees. Materials and methods: The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with six treatments, namely control, KJ, PG, farmyard manure, inorganic fertilizer, and humic acid. Simultaneous detection of contents was carried out using reversed-phase-ultra-flow liquid chromatography (RP-UFLC). The parameters were studied at 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after sowing (DAS). Results: KJ produced higher leaf area and LAI at 90 DAS, LAD between 90 and 120 DAS. PG produced higher CGR, RGR, and NAR between 60 and 90 DAS. RP-UFLC analysis revealed the maximum amount of ingredients at 120 DAS. At this stage, PG treatment recorded the maximum amount of A1, A2, and A3. Conclusion: Kunapa Jala and Panchagavya treatments were better or at par on physiological parameters and production of diterpenoids of A. paniculata.

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